Bloodborne pathogens are organisms that can be spread through contact with the blood, tissues, saliva, or other body fluids of an infected person.
They can cause serious health problems if contracted through contact with blood, saliva, or other body fluids from an infected person. The bloodborne pathogen program is mandatory for all healthcare workers, including dentists, doctors, nurses, and hospital maintenance staff.
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There are many types of bloodborne pathogens, but the most common are the viruses that cause hepatitis A and B. Other examples of bloodborne pathogens include bacteria such as E. coli and streptococcus, parasites such as malaria and toxoplasmosis, and tumor cells such as leukemia and lymphoma.
The viruses that cause hepatitis A and B are spread through contaminated food or water, contact with broken skin or mucous membranes, or contact with objects that have been contaminated with the virus.
Hepatitis A is most commonly spread through contaminated food-eating utensils (such as cups, plates, and knives) used by those who have not washed them after using the bathroom. Hepatitis B is spread in similar ways to hepatitis A but also can be spread through sharing needles for injecting drugs, and contact with blood products (such as clotting factors).
There are also bacteria that can cause blood infections, such as: